The Solar Decathlon was created since 2002 by the United States Department of Energy, in order to encourage the construction of sustainable housing proposals by university institutions. It aims to promote technical innovation and intelligent use of economic and natural resources. This competition has been conducted in the United States since 2005, spreading to Europe since 2010, China since 2013 and Latin America and the Caribbean since 2015.
2019 Solar Decathlon will hold its second version in Latin America and the Caribbean, challenging 13 university groups selected to provide solutions for social housing adaptable to the climatic conditions of the Colombian Pacific.
The winning team is the one that through a prototype of attractive housing and economically accessible to consumers, achieves the best score in the following 10 tests: architecture, engineering and construction, energy efficiency, balance of power, comfort, sustainability, house operation, marketing and communications, urban design, affordability and innovation.
Evaluates the spatial efficiency and appropriate materials according to the implemented climate strategies, designed in the future of social housing in the context of Latin America and the Caribbean, more specifically to the Colombian Pacific populations.
Engineering and construction
Assesses the viability and proper integration between the design of the structure, the electrical system of the house, its hydro sanitary system (plumbing) and a solar photovoltaic system, to build a low-income housing.
Evaluates a suitable design to achieve reduced energy consumption.
Measures the housing electric and energetic self-sufficiency, to achieve a balance between generation and power consumption.
Measuring the conditions inside the house in relation to temperature, humidity, sound, lighting and air quality. These indicators granted the comfort feeling in the home.
It measures the efficiency and functionality of a set of appliances to ensure the normal operation of the house.
Marketing and communications
Evaluates the efficiency and effectiveness of marketing strategies and implemented communications equipment to generate social awareness of the need for energy-efficient housing solutions, powered by solar energy.
Urban design and feasibility
Evaluates the implementation of a dense urban design, applied to the social context of Latin America and the Caribbean, more specifically to the Colombian Pacific populations, in order to achieve an innovative social housing low cost.
Evaluates incorporating creative solutions to improve the conventional state of the residential sector around the architecture, engineering and construction, energy efficiency, urban design and affordability.